The 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry has been awarded to John B. Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino "for the development of lithium-ion batteries", the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences announced on Wednesday.
Lithium-ion batteries have revolutionised the world of technology. The batteries power everyday products such as smartphones, laptops and even electric vehicles.
"Through their work, this year's Chemistry Laureates have laid the foundation of a wireless, fossil fuel-free society," the Nobel Foundation said while announcing this year's winners.
John B. Goodenough was born in Germany in 1922 and is currently at the University of Texas in the US. M. Stanley Whittingham was born in 1941 in the UK and currently teaches at the Binghamton University in the US. Akira Yoshino was born in 1948 in Japan and is currently a professor at the Meijo University in Japan.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry is awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and is one of the five Nobel Prizes that were established by the will of Alfred Nobel, a businessman, chemist, engineer, inventor, and philanthropist.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry has been awarded 110 times to 180 individuals between 1901 and 2018.
Earlier this week, Canadian-American cosmologist James Peebles and Swiss scientists Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz won the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physics for revealing the wonder of the evolution of the universe and discovering planets orbiting distant suns.
The 2019 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine, on the other hand, was awarded to scientists William G Kaelin, Jr, Peter J Ratcliffe and Gregg L Semenza their discoveries of "how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability".
The Nobel Prize for Literature will be announced on Thursday while the Nobel Prize for Peace will be out on Friday.
On Monday, October 14, the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences -- popularly known as Nobel Prize in Economics (Alfred Nobel's will did not estsablish an award for economics) -- will be announced.